The Back of the Book: Monsignor Josemaria Escriva de Balaguer y Albas was born in Barbasro Spain) in 1902. He first studied law and obtained his doctorate at the University of Madrid; later he took a doctorate in theology at the Lateran Pontifical University, Rome. He is also doctor honoris couse in Philosophy and Letters of the University of Saragossa.
He began his work as a priest in country parishes, then in the poorer districts of Madrid and finally among university students. He was superior of the Seminary of Saragossa, professor of Philosophy and Professional Ethics at the School of Journalism, Madrid, and professor of Roman Law in Saragossa and in Madrid. Monsignor Escriva is a Domestic Prelate to His Holiness, Consultor to the Sacred Congregation of Seminaries and Universities, Consultor to the Pontifical Commission for the interpretation of the Code of Canon Law, Chancellor of the University of Navarre and a member of the Pontifical Roman Academy of Theology.
On 2 October 1928, three years after his ordination, Monsignor Escriva founded Opus Dei, which was approved by the Holy See on 24 February 1947. When Opus Dei received the definitive approval of the Holy See on 16 June 1950, it was already widespread throughout the world. Belonging to the Association are men and women of 61 countries working in the five continents. Opus Dei, through the members of its two sections – completely separate, one for men and one for women – strives to foster the search for Christian perfection among people in all walks of life.